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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2019-323
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2019-323
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 30 Sep 2019

Submitted as: research article | 30 Sep 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Biogeosciences (BG).

Trace elements in mussel shells from the Brazos River, Texas: environmental and biological control

Alexander A. VanPlantinga and Ethan L. Grossman Alexander A. VanPlantinga and Ethan L. Grossman
  • Department of Geology and Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 77843-3115, USA

Abstract. In sclerochronology, understanding the drivers of shell chemistry is necessary in order to use shells to reconstruct environmental conditions. We measured the Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, and Mn contents in water samples and in the shells of two freshwater mussels (Amblema plicata and Cyrtonaias tampicoensis) from the Brazos River, Texas to test their reliability as environmental archives. Shells were analyzed along growth increments using age models established with stable and clumped isotopes. Shells were also examined with cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy to map Mn / Ca distribution patterns. Sr / Ca correlated with Mn / Ca, while Mg / Ca and Ba / Ca showed no clear trends. Mn / Ca correlated inversely with the log of river discharge. Because dissolved and inorganic particulate sources of manganese are low during low flow, peak Mn / Ca values may come from elevated feeding or metabolic rates. Shell Mn / Ca values were used to reconstruct river discharge patterns, which, to our knowledge, has previously only been performed with shell chemistry using oxygen isotopes.

Alexander A. VanPlantinga and Ethan L. Grossman
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Status: open (until 11 Nov 2019)
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Alexander A. VanPlantinga and Ethan L. Grossman
Alexander A. VanPlantinga and Ethan L. Grossman
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Short summary
Modern freshwater mussel shells from the Brazos River, Texas were analyzed for trace element composition in order to build upon previous stable isotope data from the shells and evaluate them as environmental archives. Shell Mn / Ca varied inversely with river discharge and shell manganese is probably ingested in the form of particulate organic matter. The shell Mn / Ca data was used to reconstruct river discharge patterns.
Modern freshwater mussel shells from the Brazos River, Texas were analyzed for trace element...
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