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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2019-227
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2019-227
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 17 Jun 2019

Research article | 17 Jun 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Biogeosciences (BG).

Biogenic isoprenoid emissions under drought stress: Different responses for isoprene and terpenes

Boris Bonn, Ruth-Kristina Magh, Joseph Rombach, and Jürgen Kreuzwieser Boris Bonn et al.
  • Chair of Ecosystem Physiology/Chair of Tree Physiology, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Georges-Köhler-Allee 053, D-79110 Freiburg i.Br., Germany

Abstract. Emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by biogenic sources depend on different environmental conditions. Besides temperature and photosynthetic active radiation (PAR), the available soil water can be a major factor, controlling the emission flux. This factor is expected to become more important under future climate conditions including prolonged drying-wetting cycles. In this paper we use results of available studies on different tree types to set up a parameterization describing the influence of soil water availability (SWA) on different isoprenoid emission rates. Investigating SWA effects on isoprene (C5H8), mono- (C10H16) and sesquiterpene (C15H24) emissions separately, it is obvious that different plant processes seem to control the individual emission fluxes providing a measure of plants to react on stresses and to interact. The SWA impact on isoprene emissions is well described by a biological growth type curve, while the sum of monoterpenes displays a hydraulic conductivity pattern reflecting the plants stomata opening. However, emissions of individual monoterpene structures behave differently to the total sum, i.e. the emissions of some increase whereas of others decline at decreasing SWA. In addition to a rather similar behaviour as of monoterpene emissions, total sesquiterpene fluxes of species adapted to drought stress tend to reveal a rise close to the wilting point protecting against oxidative damages. Considering further VOCs too, the total sum of VOCs tends to increase at the start of severe drought conditions until resources decline. On the contrary, OH and ozone reactivity enhance. Based on these observations a set of plant protection mechanism displays for drought stress and implies notable feedbacks on atmospheric processes such as ozone, aerosol particles and cloud properties. With progressing length of drought periods declining storage pools and plant structure effects yield different emission mixtures and strengths. This drought feedback effect is definitely worth consideration in climate feedback descriptions and for accurate climate predictions.

Boris Bonn et al.
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Boris Bonn et al.
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Short summary
Ecosystems face different sensitivities concerning changing climate conditions such as extensive and recurring drought periods. This affects a plants exchange of vapors for interplant communication and protection against stress. This study investigates the effect of reduced soil water availability on the most important volatile organic compounds, providing indications for the plants benefits, because of the individual reaction. The results can be used to understand plant and ecosystem survival.
Ecosystems face different sensitivities concerning changing climate conditions such as extensive...
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