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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 11 Jun 2019

Submitted as: research article | 11 Jun 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Biogeosciences (BG).

Exogenous phosphorus compounds interact with nitrogen availability to regulate dynamics of soil inorganic phosphorus fractions in a meadow steppe

Heyong Liu1,2, Ruzhen Wang2, Hongyi Wang2, Yanzhuo Cao2,3, Feike A. Dijkstra4, Zhan Shi2, Jiangping Cai2, Zhengwen Wang2, Hongtao Zou1, and Yong Jiang2 Heyong Liu et al.
  • 1College of Land and Environment, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China
  • 2Erguna Forest-Steppe Ecotone Ecosystem Research Station, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
  • 3Key Laboratory of Regional Environment and Eco-Remediation, College of Environment, Shenyang University, Shenyang 110044, China
  • 4Centre for Carbon, Water and Food, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

Abstract. Here we investigated the effects of P compounds (KH2PO4 and Ca(H2PO4)2) with different addition rates of 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 kg P ha−1 yr−1 and NH4NO3 addition (0 and 100 kg N ha−1 yr−1) on soil labile (Olsen-P), moderate-cycling and recalcitrant inorganic phosphorus (IP) fractions in a calcareous grassland of northeastern China. Soil moderate-cycling IP, not readily available to plants but transforming into available P quickly, include variscite (Al-P), strengite (Fe-P), dicalcium phosphate (Ca2-P) and octacalcium phosphate (Ca8-P); recalcitrant fractions include hydroxylapatite (Ca10-P) and occluded P (O-P). Soil labile and moderate-cycling IP fractions and total P significantly increased with increasing P addition rates, with higher concentrations detected for KH2PO4 than for Ca(H2PO4)2 addition. Combined N and P treatments showed lower moderate-cycling IP fractions compared to ambient N conditions due to enhanced plant productivity. Moderate-cycling IP was mainly regulated by aboveground plant biomass with KH2PO4 addition, while by soil pH and plant biomass with addition of Ca(H2PO4)2. Ca(H2PO4)2 addition significantly increased the soil recalcitrant IP (Ca10-P) fraction, while KH2PO4 addition showed no impact on it. A significant positive correlation was detected between soil moderate-cycling IP fractions and soil Olsen-P which illustrated that moderate-cycling IP fractions were important sources for available P. Our results suggest that moderate-cycling IP fractions are essential for grassland P biogeochemical cycling and chemical form of P fertilizer should be considered during fertilization management for maintaining soil available P.

Heyong Liu et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: final response (author comments only)
Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
Heyong Liu et al.
Heyong Liu et al.
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