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Biogeosciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2017-73
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
13 Mar 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Biogeosciences (BG).
Nitrous oxide variability at sub-kilometre resolution in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean
Imke Grefe1,a, Sophie Fielding2, Karen J. Heywood1, and Jan Kaiser1 1Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ Norwich, UK
2British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET, UK
anow at: Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, LA1 4YQ Lancaster, UK
Abstract. The Southern Ocean is an important region for global nitrous oxide (N2O) cycling. The contribution of different source and sink mechanisms is, however, not very well constrained due to a scarcity of seawater data from the area. Here we present high-resolution surface N2O measurements from the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, taking advantage of a relatively new underway setup allowing for collection of data during transit across mesoscale features such as frontal systems and eddies. Covering a range of different environments and biogeochemical settings, N2O saturations and sea-to-air flux were highly variable: Saturations ranged from 96.5 % at the sea ice edge in the Weddell Sea to 126.1 % across the Polar Frontal Zone during transit to South Georgia. Negative sea-to-air fluxes of up to −1.3 µmol m−2 d−1 were observed in the Subantarctic Zone and highest positive fluxes of 14.5 µmol m−2 d−1 in Stromness Bay, coastal South Georgia.

Citation: Grefe, I., Fielding, S., Heywood, K. J., and Kaiser, J.: Nitrous oxide variability at sub-kilometre resolution in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, Biogeosciences Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2017-73, in review, 2017.
Imke Grefe et al.
Imke Grefe et al.
Imke Grefe et al.

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